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: Volkswagen Electrify America EVSE Program Update

Volkswagen Electrify America EVSE Program Update

11 May

A website for the Volkswagen Electrify America program has been updated with a map showing the locations of a proposed network of DC Fast Charge and Ultra-Fast Charge stations across the United States, including the first sites that have become available on the east and west coasts:
https://www.electrifyamerica.com/locations

Volkswagen Electrify America map of proposed DC Fast Charge station site locations within U.S.

During April 2018, the VW Electrify America program announced partnerships with Greenlots, Walmart, Target and other large corporations to roll out phase one of its national network of DC Fast Charge and Ultra-Fast Charge electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). Site installations are planned to be completed by June 2019.

DC Fast Charge System manufactured by ABB for VW Electrify America program.

The initial network will include 2,000 DC Fast Chargers or Ultra-Fast Chargers at 484 charging station location sites by June 2019.

Walmart will host 100 sites at locations in 34 states that have been planned for installation.

Other corporate partners that have agreed to host EVSE stations for the VW Electrify America program include Target Corporation, Brixmoor Property Group, Kimco Realty Corporation, Sheetz, Casey’s General Stores, DDR Corporation, and Global Partners LP’s Alltown.

Each charging station site will offer from four to ten DC Fast Chargers, outfitted with both SAE Combined Charging System (CCS1) connectors and CHAdeMO standard connectors. The charging station cables and connectors can transfer electric power to vehicle battery packs equipped with a battery management system that can accommodate a fast charging rate of 50kW, 150kW, or “Ultra-Fast” 350kW. These charging station sites will be located in 17 metro areas, as well as along highways in 39 states.

DC Fast Charge station manufactured by BTC Power for the VW Electrify America program.

Volkswagen has partnered with four international electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) manufacturers of DC Fast Charge and Ultra-Fast Charge 350 kW stations to provide more than 2000 EVSE with CCS1 and CHAdeMO standard connectors. These include ABB, BTC Power, EFACEC and Signet.

More information about the EVSE charging station technologies was provided by the VW Electrify America program in a press release announcement on April 17, 2018:

“The chargers have been custom-designed for Electrify America and have several advanced features including liquid-cooled cables. This is the first time that liquid cooled CCS1 charging cables have received certification. The cooling is a key factor in enabling higher-amperage charging without a significant increase in the cable thickness for charging power at and above 150kW from 350 amps.

The majority of Electrify America’s ultra-fast charging systems will utilize the RADOX® HPC (High Power Charging) System from HUBER+SUHNER which features a much smaller cable cross section than the traditional high-powered cable option. These cooled cables are thinner, more flexible, lighter and easier to handle. The chargers will have an all new intuitive and informative 15-inch touch screen display, to provide a simplified “Plug-Pay-Charge-Go” experience, including opt-in text notifications for in-session monitoring and receipt delivery.

In addition, the chargers will also feature redundant physical buttons below the display to navigate through the various screens. Credit card readers are included for universal driver access to the Electrify America network. Functionally, the chargers are up to eight feet high designed for optimal visibility and easy vehicle charge port access without complex, maintenance prone mechanical cable management systems.”

Each charging station site will also offer SAE J1772 level 2 chargers for older EVs not equipped with the CCS connector standard.

Greenlots will become the network administrator for this $2 billion EVSE network within the U.S. through its existing SKY(tm) EV Charging Network Software. SKY can provide EVSE site managers with host-configurable apps and services for GPS location, station communication, 24/7 online maintenance, payment systems, and historical usage reports:

https://greenlots.com/solutions/operating-platform/

EV drivers visiting the charging station sites can download a Greenlots mobile phone app from both the Apple App Store and Google Play Store that provides several useful services and features.

With the Greenlots mobile phone app, EV drivers can locate the nearest DC Fast Charge station along their driving route, use their mobile phones to activate the stations and make payments if required, monitor the charging progress of their EV battery pack in real time while their car is connected, and also receive a charging history log from the Greenlots network for each user account:

https://greenlots.com/ev-drivers/

The Greenlots mobile phone app also interconnects to other EVSE networks outside the VW Electrify America program, that are also supported by the SKY network worldwide.

VW Electrify America Program History

Volkswagen Group had originally released a public version of the first cycle of its 10-year Electrify America program during April 2017, as part of a $1.2 billion settlement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Justice, and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission for violation of the US Clean Air Act after a “defeat device” scandal that involved 500,000 Volkswagen Group diesel vehicles sold into the US between 2009 – 2015.

Volkswagen and Audi cars that employed the company’s “turbo direct injection” TDI diesel engines actually exceeded emissions standards required by the U.S. Clean Air Act, under real-world driving conditions.

Deceptive software tuning of emission controls was employed within the TDI engine when each vehicle was undergoing smog emissions testing in a stationary position. However, once the vehicle began moving, the engine was automatically retuned for performance on the fly. Resulting real-world driving emissions, particularly Nitrogen Oxide (NOx), significantly exceeded standard emissions required by the US Clean Air Act, in some cases more than 30 times higher.

Volkswagen of America claimed in its advertising documents at the time that it did not need additional devices on its TDI vehicles to suppress NOx and other harmful emissions, as its catalytic converter and filtration system were of superior design to its competitors, who were employing more expensive liquid additives (e.g. BMW AdBlue systems), in addition to their catalytic converter systems, to meet both US and European emission standards.

The Volkswagen Group advertising claims were proven to be false by a University of West Virginia research study, that uncovered the “defeat device” being used to fool the federal smog testing system nationwide. The U.S. FTC, Department of Justice, and EPA sued Volkswagen Group through separate billion-dollar lawsuits, to recover damages to U.S. consumers and residents because of both fraud and environmental impact.

A PDF copy of the National Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan can be found at the U.S. EPA Enforcement webpage:

https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/epa-approved-national-zev-investment-plan-public-version

A downloadable copy of the PDF file is available through this link:

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2017-04/documents/nationalzevinvestmentplan.pdf

The 10-year plan will be implemented in four 30-month cycles over ten years, with each cycle funded at $500 million, for a total of $2 billion. Implementation of the first cycle is scheduled between Q1 2017 to Q2 2019.

The Nevada Governor’s Office of Energy had submitted proposals to the U.S. EPA that complied with the National ZEV Investment Plan, in order to use the Electrify America program funding to build out its Nevada Electric Highway program by 2020, along highway corridors throughout the state.

However, the most recent announcements by Volkswagen Group to implement its Electrify America plan have established partnerships with national chains of “brick and mortar” retail stores and convenience stores within the U.S to implement its network of DC Fast Charge stations nationwide over the next year.

Nevada statewide coverage through the VW Electrify America Phase 1 program that should be completed by June 2019, will include DC Fast Charge and Ultra-Fast Charger stations along interstate highways I-15 and I-80 running east to west.

Strategic locations along US Highway 95 that connect Reno and Las Vegas north to south will also host DC Fast Charger sites from the Electrify America program, in order to create a high-speed charging corridor for electric cars between the two largest metropolitan districts within the state.

NEVA Blog posted by Stan Hanel, Outreach
Coordinator

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